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Types of Metallic Piping

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When it comes to metallic piping, there are several types of materials that are commonly used to meet different requirements based on factors like the fluid being transported, temperature and pressure, environmental conditions, and industry standards. Here are some of the most common types of metallic piping:

Carbon Steel Piping:

Carbon steel pipes are widely used due to their affordability and versatility. They are suitable for a range of applications including water, oil, and gas transportation. However, Carbon Steel pipes are susceptible to corrosion and may require protective coatings or linings. They are categorized into different grades and specifications based on their composition and properties. Here is a list of some common types of carbon steel pipe materials:

  • ASTM A53 Grade A/B: Standard specification for seamless and welded black and hot-dipped galvanized steel pipes. Used for various applications including water, gas, and steam conveyance.
  • ASTM A106 Grade A/B/C: Specification for seamless carbon steel pipe for high-temperature service. Used in power plants, refineries, and process industries where elevated temperatures and pressures are encountered.
  • ASTM A333 Grade 6: Specification for seamless and welded steel pipe for low-temperature service. Suitable for applications in cryogenic conditions, such as liquefied natural gas (LNG) plants.
  • API 5L Grade A/B/X42/X52/X60/X65/X70/X80: Specification for line pipe used in the transportation of oil, gas, and other fluids. Different grades correspond to varying levels of strength and durability.
  • ASTM A53 Type F/E: Electric-resistance welded (ERW) and furnace-welded pipe. Commonly used in plumbing, water supply, and other non-critical applications.
  • ASTM A795: Standard specification for black and hot-dipped zinc-coated (galvanized) welded and seamless steel pipe for fire protection use.
  • ASTM A671/A672: Specification for electric-fusion-welded steel pipe for atmospheric and lower temperatures and pressure applications.

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